Best Rat poison pellets homemade

 

Best Rat poison pellets homemade 2021 Review:

We present to you the best rat poisons homemade available on Amazon market today we made this list from our personal preference and sorted it based on their features prices quality durability and reputation of the manufacturers, so without further ado let's get started.


Position is dominated by modem code tomcat mouse and rat poison pellets pack killer: 


if you have rats then you need a fast and effective solution for getting rid of the rodents of your life.

the modem code tomcat mouse and red pack killer offer you an efficient and affordable means of reading the rats from your property, 

the sponsor comes in a standard pellet format with food grid ingredients the portion size is ideal for rats ensuring. maximum absorption of the poison in the red system, in most cases the pellets kill rats in four to six days.


however a larger red species such as norway rats may require multiple feedings for the poison to be effective.

this product is a standard red poison formulation meaning that you'll need to clean up red corpses immediately as a pet or wild animal feeding on the red could cause cross contamination and poison the animal.

the modem code tomcat mouse and rat pack killer is a straightforward poison that produces excellent results and is cost efficient as well.


farnum just one by two paid pallet:



for those people living on farms or small holdings by the time you realize you have rats there are dozens of them skulking around your property.

rats get in the vegetables garden and destroy crops and they rummage in the bun and leave droppings everywhere, and if you don't kill them they'll continue breeding and multiplying quickly.

fortunately pharnam just 1x2 paid pellet is a specialized formula for agricultural use, this potent red poison contains anticoagulant that causes rapid death in rats after only one feeding, the reds typically last three to four days before dying.


the pellets feature nibble edges to encourage feeding and features central hulls for use on bait stations, it's important to know that this product is not suitable for use around the home, the potent toxins in this formulation cause cross-contamination harming pets and local wildlife if the animals eat the dead red corpses fernam just one by two bait pellet is all you need for the ideal agricultural red solution and this bait gets rid of rats fast ensuring they don't overrun your property. this formulation is effective on all bridges including norway rats.


held by decon corner fit mouse poison bait station: 



if you need an effective way to kill rats around the home or an apartment, try the decon corner fit mouse poison bait station.

this compact rat bed station features a secure design, and your pets or children cannot get out the bait.

the station comes with 20 bait refills which is enough to get rid of the largest rat colony, 

the ingredients in the formulation of this product and non-toxic to humans, you don't have to worry about any cross-contamination to your pets or local wildlife,

the decon corner fit mouse poison base station offers a safer red solution using pellets, and is suitable for use around the home or in an apartment.


Neogen a rodenticide ramik nuggets:



neogen rodenticide ramik nuggets are versatile rat poison that kills rats mice and voles. 

if you have a vegetable garden where bulls and rats are getting out of control and eating your crops, then this is the best rat poison for your situation.

the pillars come in a large portion size that's suitable for a once off fitting that kills the varmint in your garden, these pellets are water resistant and they won't melt away like other pellets if they get wet.

this especially formulated rat poison for damper wet climates is the ideal choice if it rains frequently in your area.

the poison won't dissolve and you get an effective rat killer that solves your rat problem around the home.


jetty eden rodenticide anti-coagulant bait:


this Rat poison pellets comes in bait blocks that are slightly larger than your average pellet size, you get 144 blocks by nine pounds container making this poison the ideal choice for landlords looking to clear large rodent populations form commercial buildings.

the red poison pellets feature anticoagulant formulation causing internal bleeding and death in rats and as little as 48 hours. however you'll need to properly dispose of the corpses before they cause cross-contamination with other animals in the area.

we wouldn't recommend this rat poison for use around the home especially if you have pets or children or there's plenty of local wildlife in your area, jd eden rodenticide antique land bait blocks the truck's rats with its please and peanut butter fragrance. 


they're an effective antique vagal and rat poison that causes death in rats in as little as two days after ingestion.

How to make coconut oil for hair

 

How to make coconut oil for hair

How to make coconut oil for hair 

What cosmetics can be called the most versatile and effective for hair? Isn't it difficult to answer? Experts believe that coconut oil is exactly the product that is most effective in cosmetology and hair treatment

The most interesting thing is that this oil is also used to treat some diseases and is eaten. 

What is the secret of coconut oil and what beneficial properties does it have? 

The benefits of coconut oil for hair: what it contains and how it works 

Of course, it is not difficult to guess where this product is obtained from. But how they do it is another question. 

Coconut oil is extracted from the pulp of a coconut. It is separated from the skin of the fruit and then using the hot press or cold pressing method. The result is a product that can be seen on the shelves of stores and pharmacies. 

The secret of the benefits of coconut oil lies in its composition and molecular structure. Virtually no other oil has so many beneficial elements, and its molecules quickly penetrate into the hair shaft, moisturizing and regenerating hair. Microparticles of other oils, on the contrary, remain on the surface of the curls and have fewer useful properties. 

Here are the 5 most effective ways to use coconut oil.

Nourishing care for silky hair:

Coconut oil makes hair softer and more nourishing. This is perhaps its most popular property. 

Take one or two teaspoons of the oil, depending on the length of the strands, and apply it over the entire length of dry hair. Leave it on for 1 hour and then wash off. The result will be immediately visible and tangible. 

When is it better to apply coconut oil before or after washing? In the course of research, it was found that the use of this product before shampooing is more effective. The oil penetrates the hair shaft and repels water molecules, which can dry out and make it brittle. Also, scientists advise applying coconut oil to the strands and leaving it overnight, because during sleep it completely saturates the hair, helping it to moisturize and restore. 

Hair lamination at home, what to do to keep your hair straight  

Coconut oil is a natural remedy for straightening frizzy and frizzy hair. To make the curls straight, you can use coconut oil or a mask with it and gelatin.

In the first case, the oil must be dissolved and applied to dry curls, then cover the hair with a towel or plastic bag. Soak the coconut oil for 6 hours and wash your hair after this time.

In the second case, it is necessary to prepare a special mask. For this you will need:

  • 1 tbsp. l. melted coconut oil;
  • 1 tbsp. l. gelatin;
  • ½ glass of water.

You can melt coconut oil by placing it in the microwave for 1 minute. Add gelatin to hot water and stir, and then add melted coconut oil there. Mix all this and apply to dry hair. Next, cover your head with a towel or plastic bag and wait 6 hours, and then wash your hair. C

Coconut oil - ideal for hair shine

Isn't it nice when your hair shines? These curls look healthy and attract the attention of others. It is very easy to add shine to strands with coconut oil.

Mix two tablespoons of coconut oil with two tablespoons of an essential oil that works for you, such as lavender, rosewood, orange or lemon oil. Then apply this mixture to the hair, having previously stepped back a few centimeters from the roots. The mask must be held for 1 hour and then washed off.   

Hair Protector: When and How to Apply Coconut Oil 

Coconut oil protects against excessive absorption of too much water during shampooing, which damages and dries hair.

Apply coconut oil to dry strands 15-20 minutes before washing, paying special attention to the middle of the hair and ends. This procedure can be repeated every time you shower or swim in the pool.   

Treatment of lice in children: does coconut help from this pathology?

 from 2020 showed that a blend of coconut, aniseed and ylang ylang oil helps in the treatment of lice. This remedy is not only effective, but also much more useful than any chemical medicine. 

The mixture must be applied three times a day for five days. In 93% of cases, after each use, children have fewer lice, and by the end of the above line, they completely disappear. 


Benefits and Uses of Glycine for kids

Glycine for kids

Benefits and Uses of Glycine for kids 

Very often, a child under a certain age cannot take a large list of medicines. But what about glycine tablets, because this is the most harmless drug that brings great benefits? Is glycine suitable for children and at what age? 

Can glycine be given to children and why?

Glycine is a well-known and popular drug, the main property of which is to regulate metabolism, activate the process of protective inhibition in the central nervous system (CNS) and relieve emotional stress. In another way, it is called gamma-aminobutyric acid. Interestingly, this substance is produced in the autonomic nervous system, therefore it is recognized as harmless to humans. 

Doctors prescribe glycine for children of different ages, and the indications for its use may be the need for: 

  • normalization of sleep;
  • getting rid of anxiety;
  • enhancing brain activity;
  • elimination of anxiety and irritability;
  • improving memory;
  • increasing concentration of attention;
  • improving mood;
  • improving school performance (for children over 6 years old). 

Glycine needs to be absorbed by children, and in most cases this is not difficult, since gamma-aminobutyric acid has a sweet taste. It is much easier for a child to take a sweet-tasting medicine sublingually (sublingually) than to drink a bitter potion or swallow a pill. 

The drug in question is transported through the bloodstream to the brain and begins to actively act. It does not accumulate in the body and can help remove toxins from the body. 

Very often, doctors prescribe glycine for children who are in school and have problems with academic performance due to the fact that they do not remember new information well and cannot concentrate. Also, gamma-aminobutyric acid can be prescribed to a child who, for some reason, is very restless and irritable or who does not sleep well. 

Since glycine tablets for children are very safe and scientifically proven, they begin to be given from a young age. The only contraindication to the use of the drug is an allergy to its components, and in addition to gamma-aminobutyric acid, it contains excipients. 

If, after taking gamma-aminobutyric acid in tablet form, the child develops a red rash, itching, weakness and dizziness, then the drug should be stopped. Such reactions indicate an allergy to the drug. 

But when is it recommended to start taking the medication in question and is glycine possible for children under one year old or should it be drunk from an older age?

At what age can children be given glycine and in what dosages?

The drug in question is standardly produced in a dosage of 100 mg, there are no special blisters with children's dosages. One blister can contain either 10 or 50 tablets. The pharmacy sells glycine without a prescription.  

The instructions of the drug clearly state that it can be given to children over 3 years old, taking at an earlier age is contraindicated. However, according to the individual prescription of the doctor and in the dosage indicated by him, the reception can be started at an earlier age (up to 3 years). 

Glycine for children over 3 years old can be taken with the following health deviations: 

Decreased brain activity and mental performance, memory impairment, mental retardation and distracted attention. In these cases, glycine is taken 1 tablet (100 mg) 2-3 times a day. The course of treatment lasts an average of 14-30 days. How much glycine can be given to children per day? The maximum amount of the drug that can be taken per day is 300 mg.

Diseases of the central nervous system:

  • neurosis-like states and neuroses;
  • deviations in health due to traumatic brain injury;
  • vegetative vascular dystonia;
  • negative consequences of neuroinfection;
  • various forms of encephalopathy (brain damage). 

With such diseases, children can drink gamma-aminobutyric acid 1 tablet (100 mg) 2-3 times a day. Typically, the course of this treatment lasts 7-14 days. 

3. Difficulty falling asleep and sleep disturbances. Glycine for sleep is prescribed for children from 3 years old. Half a tablet (50 mg) or one tablet (100 mg) should be taken 20 minutes before bedtime. 

Thus, glycine for children with a dosage of 100 mg is prescribed from 3 years of age, and the daily intake of this drug cannot exceed 3 tablets (300 mg).  

How to drink glycine for children and what foods contain it?

Glycine should be taken sublingually, that is, put the tablet under the tongue and wait until it is completely dissolved in the mouth. It is not washed down with water or any other liquid. You can take gamma-aminobutyric acid both before and after meals. The time of admission does not affect the rate of absorption of the main active ingredient. 

Gamma-aminobutyric acid is one of 20 essential amino acids that are used to synthesize various types of proteins. Therefore, it can also be obtained by eating protein foods. 

Products containing glycine and its amount per 100 g:

  • red meat (1.5-2 g);
  • pumpkin and sesame seeds (1.5-3.4 g);
  • hard cheese (0.6 g);
  • turkey (1.8 g), chicken (1.75 g);
  • fish (1.4 g);
  • beans (0.4 g);
  • peanuts (1.6 g), almonds (0.6 g);
  • eggs (0.5 g).

Now you know that you can give glycine to children from 3 years of age, in a dosage of no more than 100 mg (1 tablet) at a time. However, before buying and starting to use the drug, consult with your specialist doctor and do not self-medicate.

How to fall asleep Fast when you can't

 

fall asleep Fast

How to fall asleep Fast when you can't

Healthy sleep means high brain activity, physical vitality of the body, efficiency throughout the day, the opportunity to enjoy life and be productive. And in order to sleep well, you need to know how to fall asleep quickly.

The problem that every person has periodically is the inability to fall asleep quickly. Even when you go to bed early, you can still lie in bed for 3-4 hours and count sheep, but sleep never comes.

The rate at which a person falls asleep depends on many factors. Experts from the field of neurology talked about what affects sleep and how to fall asleep quickly.

Sleep physiology: why is it difficult to fall asleep?

Sleep is dependent on a specific hormone, melatonin. This hormone is produced in the pineal gland of the brain and is responsible for the body's compliance with circadian rhythms. It is he who lets us know when it's time to sleep, when to wake up, and when to eat. Moreover, melatonin also affects the level of other hormones, is responsible for growth, cell renewal, youthfulness, fresh appearance, and regulates blood pressure and body temperature.

Melatonin doesn’t create sleep by itself, but it does let the brain know that it’s time to sleep. The fact is that the greatest production of melatonin occurs in the evening hours (approximately from 22:00 to 23:00). That is why it is often recommended to go to bed just at this time.

Melatonin allows a person to quickly calm down, relax, and is responsible for the speed of falling asleep.

But this hormone is capricious. Many factors influence its quantity. And the less melatonin in the body in the evening, the more difficult it will be to fall asleep - so you can lie awake all night.

So, what decreases melatonin production:

  • caffeinated drinks;
  • smoking;
  • stress;
  • emotional stress before bedtime (conversations, films, games);
  • physical activity in the evening;
  • hearty and late dinner;
  • the presence of artificial light in the evening;
  • spending time with a tablet, computer, phone and TV in the evening;
  • lack of natural light during the day;
  • light sources at night;
  • shift work.

All of these factors lead to reduced production of melatonin, which prevents rapid sleep.

Thus, if you need to know how to fall asleep quickly, then you need to understand what is preventing it.

Based on the reasons that disrupt the normal production of the sleep hormone, you can understand how to fall asleep quickly in 5 minutes. There are three main ways to do this. Better to use them all at the same time.

Method number 1: pitch darkness

Melatonin is produced in greatest quantity when light does not irritate the optic nerve, that is, in the dark. If you sleep in a room with a night light or a lantern is shining through the window, perhaps a weak streak of light is breaking through from under the door, or maybe there is just a TV with a bright bulb in front of you, then this will already be enough for the light to irritate the eye through the eyelids the nerve and thereby reduced the production of melatonin.

The darker the room, the faster a person falls asleep, better and more soundly asleep. If it is not possible to close the window tightly or turn off even weak light sources, then use a sleep mask.

How to spend the evening before bed?

It is also important how your evening goes. The problem of our time is that we live with gadgets in our hands. The screens of TVs, desktops and mobile devices emit synthetic blue light. This radiation disrupts circadian rhythms, as in natural light such bright blue light only occurs during daytime.

But we look at gadgets even at night, lying in bed. The abundance of blue light knocks the body off its internal biological clock and causes sleep disturbances and insomnia.

Therefore, it is recommended after 20: 00-21: 00 to minimize work with electronic devices. And you certainly shouldn't look at the gadget after 22:00 - this will only lead to the inability to fall asleep quickly. Better to read a book, listen to classical music, spend time with your family.

If there is a need to work late at the computer, there is a special free program that adjusts the color temperature of the computer screen depending on the location of the device - that is, it adjusts the color illumination of the screen to the natural light of the area where you are, and removes the blue spectrum of light after sunset.

However, it is best to dim the lights in the house in the evening, limit activity, and not work with gadgets.

Method number 2: dinner with magnesium and tryptophan

Dinner is of great importance for how to fall asleep quickly without sleeping pills.

If you go to bed hungry, sleep will be restless, and hunger will wake you up. If you go to bed too full, your stomach will work at full capacity, which reduces the production of melatonin.

Therefore, you need to have dinner 2-3 hours before bedtime. You can easily have a snack half an hour before bedtime.

What you eat is also important.

Scientists have shown that eating foods rich in tryptophan and magnesium is most conducive to rapid falling asleep and sound sleep.

The amino acid tryptophan is converted to serotonin. And serotonin not only improves mood, but also stimulates the production of melatonin and relaxes. Magnesium strengthens the nervous system, reduces stress, soothes and allows you to fall asleep faster.

It is advisable that the dinner is not too dense and contains foods with these substances.

Foods containing tryptophan:

  • milk and lactic acid products;
  • hard and processed cheese;
  • any fish;
  • white meat;
  • nuts and legumes;
  • fish caviar (red and black).

Magnesium-rich foods:

  • any greens (most of all in parsley);
  • spinach;
  • beet;
  • seafood;
  • nuts: peanuts, hazelnuts, almonds.

Shortly before bed, if you feel hungry, you can drink a mug of warm milk or yogurt, eat some cheese.

Method number 3: music for sleep

Sleep music is binaural music that is created to directly affect the brain. It cannot be perceived with only one ears - it is reflected in the brain.

The peculiarity of binaural sleep music is that it sounds in the Delta and Theta ranges. It is on these waves that the brain works in a state of lucid dreams, half asleep and complete relaxation.

So listening to sleep music will quickly tune your brain to sleep. You need to listen for at least 7 minutes, best of all - 15-30.

Thus, in order to fall asleep quickly, you need to:

Go to bed before 23:00.

Spend the evening calmly, even taking a shower is better in advance.

Have dinner 2-3 hours before bedtime.

Eliminate blue light from gadget screens.

Avoid stress, emotional stress and physical activity.

Fall asleep in pitch darkness.

If you need to fall asleep quickly, but there is no opportunity or time to change your lifestyle, then only according to the doctor's prescription you can resort to sleeping pills and drugs for insomnia .

If you adhere to all these conditions, then your sleep will overtake you quickly and will be sound throughout the night.

how dark chocolate is good for health

 

dark chocolate

how dark chocolate is good for health   

Probably, there is no person who has not heard about the benefits of dark chocolate. It can improve mental performance and mood. This delicacy is even allowed to be eaten while writing school Olympiads, since this product can stimulate an increase in brain activity. 

However, there are only a limited number of randomized studies proving how chocolate affects the brain, and the results are highly mixed. 

Therefore, let's see if everyone's favorite sweetness can really be called a means to improve brain activity. 

Why dark chocolate is useful and features of its composition

At the moment there are several types of chocolate, namely black (dark), milk, white and chocolate with various fillings. The most useful is dark chocolate. It contains a large amount of flavanols - special substances of plant origin with anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects. 

After consuming the treats in question, flavanols are absorbed internally and are found in the blood plasma after 30 minutes, and their maximum concentration is reached after 2-3 hours. 

These substances enter the brain and cause widespread stimulation of the brain perfusion (blood supply). They also stimulate angiogenesis (the formation of new blood vessels), neurogenesis (the formation of neurons), and changes in neuronal morphology, mainly in areas involved in learning and memory.

These changes in the body lead to improved brain function and memory. A person begins to memorize information much faster, solve various problems, and also remember important data.

The benefits of chocolate can be seen both with its one-time use and with prolonged use. This fact has been confirmed in two scientific studies. Based on their results, scientists came to the following conclusions:

Short-term consumption of dark chocolate stimulates mental activity. In 2011, a group of young people was divided into two subgroups, one of which was given to eat a bar of dark chocolate, and the other white. After 2 hours after consuming the treat, all the young people were given a list of logical tasks to complete. The subgroup that ate dark chocolate did much better than the subgroup that ate white chocolate.

Long-term consumption of dark chocolate can improve memory. A 2014 experiment in people between the ages of 50 and 65 showed that long-term consumption of chocolate with lots of flavanols can improve memory. The subjects were also divided into two groups: the first ate dark chocolate every day for 3 weeks, and the second did not eat it at all. As a result, the first group had better results on memory tests. 

In addition, a 2017 experiment in Italy involving older adults who consumed the flavanols found in chocolate and cocoa for 3 months confirmed the benefits of these antioxidants. As a result, scientists have concluded that flavanols increase attention, mental performance, memory, fluency, and are most beneficial for those with mild cognitive impairment or onset of memory loss. 

Thus, eating dark chocolate in old age is very beneficial for brain activity, but you need to eat it in moderation. 

What else is the use of chocolate and can it harm the body?

Bitter chocolate: the benefits and harms of your favorite treat

You may notice that if you eat a piece of chocolate or chocolate candy, your mood improves. But why is this happening and what other beneficial changes in our body are the result of using the treat in question?

Next, we will tell you about 5 facts confirming its usefulness.

1 How Chocolate Affects Mood

Dark chocolate increases the production of endorphin hormones. They bind to opiate receptors in the brain, causing a feeling of euphoria, after which the person's mood is elevated. However, this state does not last long. In addition, endorphins reduce pain and the negative effects of stress. Chocolate also increases levels of dopamine, an important neurotransmitter needed for a good mood.

The sweetness in question is the main dietary source of tryptophan, a precursor amino acid of serotonin, a neurotransmitter for happiness and positive mood. Chocolate is also the main food source of anandamide, a naturally occurring compound called the "bliss molecule." Anandamide provokes feelings of pleasure in a person. 

Interestingly, dark chocolate contains phenylethylamine, a compound called the "love drug" because it induces arousal in the brain similar to falling in love. That is, the feeling of being in love and the feeling after eating chocolate are somewhat similar.  

 2 How does chocolate affect the brain and does it increase blood flow to it?

The antioxidants flavanols in dark chocolate improve memory, concentration, reaction time and problem solving skills by increasing blood flow to the brain. This effect of treats on brain activity is observed in both young and elderly people. 

A Harvard Medical School study found that drinking two cups of hot chocolate increased blood flow to the brain by 2-3 hours. The increased blood flow to the brain speeds up thinking and a person solves various tasks at a high speed.

And also, due to mental work, calories are burned, which can be replenished with the help of chocolate. 

3 Dark chocolate helps prevent aging of brain cells

For normal functioning, the brain needs about 20% of the total oxygen consumed by the body. Free radicals are harmful oxygen molecules that negatively affect brain cells.

This process can be compared to how a cut apple is oxidized by free oxygen radicals.

The same negative processes are stimulated by free radicals in the human brain. And the antioxidants flavanols protect the cells of this organ and prevent premature aging of brain cells.

Cocoa powder, the main ingredient in chocolate, contains more antioxidants than any other food, such as blueberries, pomegranate or acai powder. 

4 eating dark chocolate helps relieve stress 

Chocolate contains a significant amount of magnesium. This element suppresses the release of the hormone cortisol and thus helps prevent stress. Magnesium is an essential dietary mineral that is beneficial for anxiety and stress.

Increasing it in the diet can improve memory, concentration, mood, sleep and stress tolerance. 

Since magnesium is not produced on its own in our body, it must be consumed externally. One dark chocolate bar contains half of a person's daily magnesium requirement.

 5 Increases the number of beneficial bacteria in the intestines

One of the most unusual benefits of the beloved sweet is that it increases the number of life-giving bacteria in the gut.

Lactobacilli and bifidobacteria are two of the most common beneficial bacteria in the human gut. These live microorganisms are found in most probiotic supplements. Dark cocoa powder, from which everyone's favorite delicacy is made, can also be called a prebiotic (it contains the waste products of bacteria).

Thus, dark chocolate is good for both the brain and the intestines.

How to buy best pregnancy test in a pharmacy

 pregnancy test

How to buy best pregnancy test in a pharmacy

Many girls and women do not know how to buy a pregnancy test at a pharmacy. Because, entering the website of an Internet pharmacy or coming to a regular pharmacy, they have such a large selection of tests to determine pregnancy that they are simply lost.

How to understand which test can be used in the first days of the delay without ever using it? In addition, it can be difficult and embarrassing to say the words: “I have a pregnancy test, please” in the pharmacy. 

We decided to explain what pregnancy tests are and how to choose the right one. 

What is a pregnancy test:

A pregnancy test is a diagnostic tool based on the indicator of the hormone chorionic gonadotropin (hCG). This hormone is produced by the embryo one week after fertilization. In non-pregnant women, it is 5 mIU / ml, in girls in the position, its indicator varies from 20,900 to 78,000 mIU / ml. 

What are pregnancy tests?

Today there are 4 types of pregnancy tests. Unfortunately, in ordinary pharmacies it is not always possible to find 4 types of diagnostic tools, however, in online pharmacies the assortment is much wider and you can read the instructions for any product. 

Test types

Test strips . They are the cheapest and most popular diagnostic options. Due to a special reagent, these strips are susceptible to the hormone chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) produced in pregnant women. They need to be used as follows: place the test strip to the indicated mark in a container with urine and hold it for a few seconds. The waiting time for the result is 5-10 minutes. Two lines represent pregnancy.

Inkjet . This is a quick and convenient type of tests. To start using it, you just need to put the diagnostic tool under the stream of urine and hold it in this position for a couple of seconds. The result will be determined in a few minutes.

Tablet . A more expensive and accurate type of pregnancy test. It is a tablet with two windows: a few drops of urine are dripped into one, and the result appears in the other. The urine is collected using the pipette supplied with the plate. Pregnancy data or its absence appears after 2 minutes.

Electronic (digital) . The most accurate and expensive type of diagnostics. An electronic test is a specific gadget with a test strip. It can be placed under the urinary stream or placed in a container of urine. The research result will be displayed on the gadget monitor in 2-3 minutes. 

For decades, the most popular way to determine pregnancy has been to use a test strip. It can show an inaccurate result in early pregnancy, so in such cases it is better to use electronic or digital tests. 

When else can the diagnostic tools under consideration give false results? 

Why pregnancy tests can show erroneous results

A pregnancy test shows the level of the hormone chorionic gonadotropin in women, if it is above a certain value, then the fetus develops in the body. The hCG index can also increase due to a number of other reasons. 

In what cases the diagnosis can be false-negative:

  • disruption of the urinary system (kidneys, bladder), due to which the hormone does not enter the urine;
  • if you do the test in the evening, then the concentration of hCG will not reach a certain level, which means that the result will not correspond to reality;
  • after taking a large amount of liquid, it is not recommended to diagnose pregnancy, since water dilutes the urine, thereby reducing the level of chorionic gonadotropin;
  • if the woman used a defective test or an expired test, and also if she did not follow the instructions;
  • erroneous results given by the diagnostic tool may be due to the presence of an ovarian tumor and a number of other diseases. 

It should be noted that none of the 4 types of tests can indicate the exact duration of pregnancy. If you need to know for sure whether you are in a position, then you can do a blood test, it gives an unmistakable result.

How to make a pregnancy test at home:

First you need to purchase a test, taking into account the fact that in the early stages of pregnancy it is best to use electronic, tablet or inkjet diagnostic tools. After purchasing, you should read the instructions for the drug and wait for the moment when you want to use the toilet. 

Then, after checking the integrity and cleanliness of the testing tool, as well as the urine container (except for the cases with jet tests), you can start the testing procedure itself. It is best to do this in the bathroom and adhere to all hygiene rules.

Tests may not always show a reliable result, especially in early pregnancy. Therefore, in order to minimize the risk of an error, you can adhere to the following recommendations:

  • do pregnancy tests in the morning, since the largest amount of the hormone is collected in the urine during the night;
  • research tools should be stored in a dry place at a temperature of 2-28 degrees Celsius;
  • before using the tests, check their integrity and purity, they should not get dust, dirt and other foreign microelements;
  • pregnancy diagnostic tools cannot be used after their expiration date and if they have breakdowns;
  • foreign elements should not get into urine and containers with it;
  • Before using the tests, you should carefully study their instructions and strictly follow them. 

After familiarizing yourself with the rules of testing and advice on minimizing the risks of its erroneous results, you can go to the website of the online pharmacy and buy a research tool. 

How to buy a pregnancy test at a pharmacy 

If you do not want to feel embarrassed when buying, spend a lot of time and face infected people, then it is better to purchase a pregnancy test from an online pharmacy. 

To do this, you need to go to the pharmacy website, choose the diagnostic tool you like, read its instructions and order a test at the address of the nearest pharmacy or at home. There are several types of delivery and payment, so carefully read the terms of purchase and choose only the option that is convenient for you. 

Examples of effective pregnancy test strips:

  • Eviplan ;
  • Ultra ;
  • Secret ;
  • Frautest ;
  • ITEST plus .

Now you know how to choose and purchase a pregnancy test without any inconvenience. Follow these tips and wish you only good news related to pregnancy.

What are the benefits of taking vitamin D?

What are the benefits of taking vitamin D

What are the benefits of taking vitamin D ?

Vitamin D (calciferol) is now very popular. Almost everyone speaks about its beneficial properties. But can vitamin D be used to prevent upper respiratory infections? Before answering this question, let's consider how it is useful and how it is synthesized in the body.

How is vitamin D useful?

In the scientific community, it is believed that vitamin D has a large number of unexplored properties and is not just a vitamin, but a prohormone, which is converted into a hormone in the human body. In addition, the definition of "vitamin D" means a whole group of substances, two of which are most important for humans, namely:

  • ergocalciferol (vitamin D2); 
  • cholecalciferol (vitamin D3).

Vitamin D, which is also called the "vitamin of the sun", is synthesized in human skin under the influence of sunlight. This happens in the following way: a person goes outside in sunny weather and ultraviolet B-rays fall on the open areas of his skin. It contains cholesterol, and as a result of its reaction with ultraviolet radiation, vitamin D3 (cholecalciferol) is formed. 

In cloudy winter weather, when the sun is low enough, people may become deficient in this substance. It can be replenished with the help of certain foods and dietary supplements.

The vitamin in question has a list of scientifically proven beneficial properties. He participates in such vital functions of the body as:

  • absorption of calcium and normalization of bone growth;
  • regulation of cell growth;
  • strengthening the functions of the immune system;
  • maintaining calcium balance;
  • increased muscle tone;
  • regulation of metabolism;

prevention of the occurrence of diseases of the cardiovascular system. 

It is also important to note that vitamin D can inhibit the growth of cancer cells and thus reduce the likelihood of colon and breast cancer. 

Only 10% of the "vitamin of the sun" enters the human body with food, the remaining 90% are synthesized in the skin after exposure to sunlight. Therefore, in winter, a person may have a shortage of this substance, which can be replenished with the help of food (fatty fish, eggs, butter, hard cheese) or special supplements with vitamin D. Such means include combined preparations and pure vitamin D in tablets, capsules, solutions.

The most effective dietary supplements containing the substance in question:

  • Vitamin D3 600 IU ;
  • Calcium magnesium with vitamin D3 ;
  • Ferment Yogurt vitamin D ;
  • Calcium D3 Nycomed ;
  • Ergocalciferol .

But does vitamin D help prevent colds, namely upper respiratory tract infections (URT)?

Vitamin D for the prevention of infectious diseases of the upper respiratory tract

In order to understand whether calciferol, ergocalciferol and cholecalciferol can prevent URT diseases caused by infections, a significant amount of research has been done.

In 2017, a team of British scientists analyzed 25 scientific trials involving people ranging in age from a few months to 95 years. The subjects drank different amounts of vitamin D, and medical experts compared its effect on preventing respiratory tract infections. The results confirmed the effectiveness of this vitamin in preventing colds and were posted in the British Medical Journal.

It was noticed that with the constant intake of this substance, the risk of developing infectious diseases of the nose, pharynx, larynx, trachea is significantly reduced. The subjects in whom the amount of vitamin D in their blood was equal to 25 nmol / l (10 ng / dl) were 70% less susceptible to infectious pathologies. In those who had less or more vitamin in their blood, the likelihood of URT diseases decreased by only 25%. 

Another study, also conducted in 2017, compared the effectiveness of high and low dose vitamin D intake in older adults. All study participants were divided into two groups: the first took 3,300 IU of the substance in question every day for a month, and the second, 400 IU. The study lasted 4 years, after which the scientists came to the conclusion that high dosages of vitamin D reduce the likelihood of upper respiratory tract infections in older people by 40%.

Later, the results of the 2019 experiment, which were published in the International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, came to similar conclusions. According to them, people who consume vitamin D at the recommended dosages and are not deficient have a lower chance of contracting infectious diseases than those who do not take it in supplements. 

Thus, we can conclude that taking vitamin D in the form of dietary supplements reduces the likelihood of infectious diseases of the upper respiratory tract in people of different ages. However, it all depends on the dosage, if it is reduced or increased, this can not only reduce the effectiveness of the action, but also lead to negative consequences. And to prevent this from happening, the next paragraph will consider the recommended daily dosage of vitamin D for children and adults.

How to take vitamin D and how much can you drink per day?

Calciferol, ergocalciferol, and cholecalciferol should be drunk with or after meals. Taking vitamin D on an empty stomach is undesirable. The dosage in each individual case may be different, therefore, before buying and drinking this substance, you should consult with your doctor.

To accurately determine whether there is a vitamin D deficiency in the body, you need to pass a special blood test in the laboratory. If he shows that the amount of vitamin in the blood is less than 30 ng / mol, then this indicates a deficiency. In this case, it needs to be replenished with the help of certain foods and dietary supplements.

Recommended dosage of vitamin D per day:

  • adults (18-50 years old) - 600-800 IU;
  • people over the age of 50 - 800-1000 IU;
  • children (1-18 years old) - 600-800 IU;
  • infants under one year old - 400 IU.

The maximum daily intake of vitamin D for adults is 4000 IU. Exceeding it can cause side effects and is considered unsafe for health. 

Take the substance in question according to the doctor's instructions and the instructions for the preparations containing it and the risk of URT infections will be minimal.

Nowadays, the interest in vitamin D3 and its beneficial properties is so great that we simply could not ignore this topic. Therefore, read our new full-blown article on vitamin D3: what is it for, does it increase immunity, and what is the risk of its lack . 

How to choose the most effective drug in a pharmacy among the many products with vitamin D, D2 and D3 and not be mistaken? To do this, you can read our article with recommendations on which vitamin D to buy at the pharmacy to protect yourself from colds and viruses .

Best healthy Foods that calm and relax

Best healthy Foods that calm and relax

Best healthy Foods that calm and relax

In the modern pace of life, it is very difficult to avoid stressful situations. Every day, a person is faced with many problems that require immediate solutions and can disturb inner peace. However, there is a whole list of foods to relieve stress and tension that help restore internal balance. 

But how to quickly relieve stress at home with simple food and drinks, and what exactly should you consume for this? We tell you about the TOP-9 most effective products for stress relief.  

Matcha Green Tea :

It is a green tea powder that is rich in L-theanine, a non-protein amino acid. It helps to reduce stress and quickly return to normal. The leaves from which the matcha powder is made are specially grown in the shade - thus it accumulates a large amount of L-theanine.  

Recent studies have shown that daily consumption of 4.5 grams of matcha in supplements or in foods such as cookies reduces the activity of the stress marker alpha-amylase. Therefore, the reception of the match is indicated for nervous tension. 

Dark chocolate:

Scientifically proven data show that dark chocolate lowers the level of the stress hormone (cortisol) in the blood and increases the level of the hormones of joy (dopamine, serotonin). In addition, the sweetness in question is rich in antioxidants, which provide invaluable benefits to the entire body . 

An experiment in which volunteers ate a 4 g chocolate bar every day for 2 weeks showed that eating chocolate is excellent for relieving stress and reducing blood cortisol levels. 

It is important to note that in order to calm down and have a good mood, it is recommended to choose this product containing at least 70% cocoa, but not to get carried away with it, but to eat no more than ¼ a bar per day, since it is high in calories. 

Nuts and seeds:

Nuts and seeds (seeds) are an essential source of Omega-3 fatty acids, which help reduce stress. Walnuts are the most omega-3s, while cashews and sunflower seeds contain tryptophan, which increases serotonin production. 

When a person is in a stressful situation, the reserves of vitamins and nutrients are depleted in his body, for example, vitamin B, potassium, vitamin E, magnesium and others. But seeds and nuts help replenish them.

So, pistachios are rich in potassium, which, among other things, can lower blood pressure and reduce stress on the heart, and sunflower seeds contain a lot of vitamin D and magnesium, which, as found in a 2017 study, can reduce anxiety. 

In order to relieve stress quickly, you can eat these types of nuts:

  • almond;
  • pistachios;
  • walnuts;
  • cashew nuts.

The seeds of the following plants can also help cope with nervous tension:

  • linen;
  • chia;
  • pumpkin. 

Green and chamomile tea :

Stress-relieving foods include warm green and herbal teas. The more effective of these is herbal, namely chamomile tea. It soothes and helps you relax. And it's best to drink it before bed. Moreover, it is scientifically proven that even 1.5 g of chamomile extract can reduce the level of stress hormone in the body.  

As for green tea, Japanese scientists claim that daily consumption of green tea increases stress resistance by 20%. Their colleagues at University College London also report that people who drink green tea experience lower cortisol levels. However, you should not overuse this product, because it contains caffeine, a large amount of which can be harmful to the body. It is best to drink herbal tea. 

Blueberry :

The peculiarities of nutrition during stress and depression are that you need to eat foods rich in antioxidants - these are blueberries. This berry increases the amount of dopamine (the hormone of happiness and joy) and is high in anthocyanins (antioxidants). Blueberries also contain vitamin C, which helps to strengthen the immune system , and people who are under stress are more likely to get sick. 

Essential oils :

How to get out of stress with smells and do they really help? Essential oils, namely their smells, have a positive effect on a person and his perception of the environment, help to calm down and achieve inner balance, and some of them evoke pleasant associations and memories.

For sedation, it is best to choose oils from these plants:    

  • lavender;
  • incense;
  • bergamot;
  • myrrh.

They can be used in several ways, such as spraying in a room with a spray bottle or pouring a few drops into an aroma lamp.  

How to wake up early in the morning without an alarm

How to wake up early in the morning without an alarm

How to wake up eary in the morning without an alarm 

Sometimes a new job, a changed school schedule, and other reasons force a person to get up early and be active in the morning. To make it easier to rebuild, doctors have developed a whole list of recommendations on how to "owl" become a "lark".


Change the time to fall asleep :

How to stop being an "owl"? The first step is to change the time you fall asleep. 

A good 7-8 hour sleep is extremely important for every adult. It affects health and is the key to a feeling of vitality throughout the day. Therefore, remember that even if you are going to change the time of going to bed and getting up, the night's rest should be at least 7-8 hours. 

Medical experts advise you to start by going to bed 20 minutes earlier than usual each day. For example, a person "owl" goes to bed at 01:00, and if you follow this recommendation, he needs to go to bed at 00:40 and move his schedule by 20 minutes every day. In this case, the alarm clock will also need to be set every day at an earlier time. For example, he usually calls at 08:00, and if you transfer it to 20 minutes, it will work at 7:40. 

Over the course of several weeks, you should gradually move to night rest until the habit is developed and the person can easily get up early. Of course, you can shift the bedtime by 20 minutes not every day, but do it after a few days. This will make it much easier to get used to the new routine. 

Proper lighting helps you fall asleep

Each person has his own "internal clock", which changes under the influence of circadian rhythms (cyclical changes in the intensity of biological processes). This watch is highly sensitive to light. Blue is a wake-up call, and the calm tones of the sunset make you fall asleep quickly. 

A special sleep hormone (melatonin) is released in the human body in response to the colors of the sunset. Therefore, if you refuse to use your phone, tablet and other gadgets that emit blue color before going to bed, and turn on the night light with an amber or red lamp, you can fall asleep faster. And the sooner a person goes to sleep, the easier it will be for him to wake up early. 

Exercise at the right time

Relaxing exercises before bed can help you calm down and fall asleep faster. These include:

  • yoga;
  • meditation;
  • easy stretching;
  • breathing exercises.

These exercises need to be done for a short time and not overdo it - only then will they contribute to an earlier onset of the first phase of sleep.

A recent study found that exercise can affect bedtime and feelings of alertness. "Owls" can shift the beginning of the sleep cycle to an earlier time of falling asleep and waking up by doing exercises in the morning or afternoon, and resting and meditating in the evening. 

On the other hand, evening workouts promote activity and delay the desire to sleep. In addition, morning exercises help to cheer up and fill with energy, and also removes drowsiness and lethargy. Here's how an owl can become a morning person.

What eating habits should be abandoned to get up early 

A study on the relationship between dietary patterns and human chronotype, conducted in 2020, showed that “owl” people eat very late dinner, can skip breakfast, eat fewer vegetables, and drink more caffeine and alcohol than “larks”.

If the "owl" person wants to start falling asleep and waking up earlier, then he should reconsider his diet and meal time. It is best not to drink caffeine and alcohol in the evening and not to eat late. 

Trick of Motivation and Rewards

Of course, you won't be able to become a morning person overnight - it takes time. Therefore, you can motivate yourself with rewards for achieving small goals. For example, you began to fall asleep and wake up 20 minutes earlier, reward yourself for this with a cup of warm cocoa with marshmallows or another pleasant thing that makes you happy.

How to get up early? You can just promise yourself that if you start falling asleep 40 minutes earlier, you will indulge yourself with something more significant. 

Foods are good for cardiovascular disease

Foods are good for cardiovascular disease

Foods are good for cardiovascular disease:

Cardiovascular diseases rank first in terms of mortality rates. If a person is diagnosed with heart disease, coronary artery disease, arrhythmia or extrasystole, he needs to reconsider the principles of nutrition. The diet should include foods that increase the tone of the heart muscle and the elasticity of blood vessels.

Nutritional therapy for diseases of the cardiovascular system: 

For people with diagnosed cardiovascular diseases, a dietary table No. 10 has been developed . This is a balanced diet, which has everything you need to keep your heart muscle in good shape. Cardiologists prescribe a diet for those who have impaired circulation, who suffer from rheumatism, atherosclerosis and heart defects. According to the principles of table number 10, hypertensive patients and those who have suffered a heart attack eat.

The diet helps to normalize blood circulation, stimulates the metabolic process. It also contributes to the proper functioning of the liver and kidneys.

The basic principles of nutritional therapy for adults and children are as follows:

  • The diet should be varied. If possible, it should include all the products approved by the doctor.
  • Follow the principles of fractional nutrition. For the normal functioning of the body, you need to eat five to six times a day in small portions.
  • Don't overeat. If you want to eat before going to bed or during the day before a full meal, you need to limit yourself to an apple or a glass of kefir.
  • Reduce salt intake. The norm is up to 5 g per day, for children from one to three years old - 2 g, from four to six years old - 3 g. It should be borne in mind that salt is also contained in ready-made store products.
  • Cut back on animal fat. Fatty food of animal origin (sausages, smoked meats, fatty poultry, pork, lard) contains cholesterol, which is deposited on the vessels in the form of plaques. They interfere with normal blood flow.
  • Normalize the drinking regime. Adults and adolescents should drink at least 1.5 liters of clean non-carbonated water a day, schoolchildren - 1 liter, and children aged three to five years - 0.5 liters.
  • Eat foods rich in potassium. For cardiovascular diseases, bananas, apricots, prunes, dried apricots, potatoes, cabbage, pumpkin, rose hips, kiwi are allowed.
  • Eat foods rich in magnesium salts. These are rye and whole grain bread, bran baked goods, oatmeal, millet, barley, buckwheat, beets, carrots, parsley, lettuce, walnuts, almonds, black currants.
  • Foods with Omega-3 fatty acids. These are valuable components that lower cholesterol, prevent blood clots, and lower blood pressure. They are found in seafood, fatty fish.

Healthy and harmful food for the heart and blood vessels: 

To maintain the tone of the heart muscle and blood vessels, you need to eat the right foods.

Bread, grain products: 

These products should be included in the menu every day. They contain natural fiber that normalizes metabolism and stimulates the digestive tract. People with diseases of the cardiovascular system are recommended to eat bread, brown rice, durum wheat pasta, buckwheat. You can eat whole grain, rye, or bran bread.

Vegetables:

It is a source of vitamins, dietary fiber and minerals. Vegetables can be stewed or eaten raw. Cardiologists recommend paying special attention to beets and carrots. In your daily diet, you should include a salad with raw vegetables, seasoned with a small amount of olive oil.

The more vegetables in the diet, the better. Cardiologists say that in people who adhere to this rule, the risk of heart attack is reduced by 6%.

Fruits and berries:

They provide the body with vitamins, minerals and carbohydrates, as well as antioxidants. Fresh berries can be added to cereals, smoothies and fresh juices are prepared from them. In the summer, you should eat about 200 g of such products.

Meat, fish and eggs:

People with diagnosed cardiovascular diseases need to consume as many foods as possible, rich in omega-3 fatty acids. Meat can be substituted for fish, but not canned or salted.

Eggs contain a lot of cholesterol, but you can eat one per day. This food contains vitamins B12 and D, antioxidants, folates and riboflavin, which can reduce the risk of heart disease.

Milk and fermented milk products:

It is better to give preference to products with a low fat content. It contains protein, vitamin D and calcium.

Edible fats, nuts and seeds:

For people with diseases of the cardiovascular system, cardiologists recommend using vegetable oils, avocados, nuts and seeds.

Limit sugar intake: 

It is better to exclude sugary carbonated drinks from the diet, reduce the use of purchased juices with sugar in the composition. You also need to reduce the amount of sweets in the diet. Maximum two candies per day. They should not contain substitutes for cocoa butter and trans fats.

The signs of low self esteem and causes

 low self esteem

The signs of low self esteem and causes

Low self-esteem, by itself, is not a diagnosis, however, it can seriously overshadow a person's life. In my opinion, self-esteem is one of the most important parameters of a personality, since it is it that largely determines a person's success in various spheres of life and his satisfaction with his achievements.

Adequate positive self-esteem is a guarantee of self-esteem, self-confidence, desire to act and achieve goals. At the same time, defeats, even if they do happen, do not have a destructive effect, a person does not cease to respect himself, does not give up, but, on the contrary, seeks to correct the mistake.

During consultations, it is often found out that behind the failures of a person in work, in personal life and in other areas is precisely a negative assessment of oneself, self-doubt.

Here are the main low self esteem signs:

  • The habit of comparing yourself to others (not for the better for yourself).
  • Feelings of self-pity. Frequent mental replay of unfortunate life moments and feeling powerless.
  • The attitude of other people towards you. A person who does not respect himself is unlikely to command respect from others. Moreover, such a person may unconsciously choose people who will deliberately treat him badly, thereby confirming a negative attitude.
  • Problematic interpersonal relationships. A person may believe that there is simply nothing to love him for, doubts his significance, at the same time, passionately desire to be loved. Fear of making new acquaintances and relationships, fear of opening up, showing oneself, trying on fake masks.
  • Concern about the opinion of others. It often happens that the external ostentatious side, the "image" of a person comes to the fore in order to hide the real personality. Fear of dishonor, shyness.
  • Postponing difficult cases on the back burner. The fear of not coping, making a mistake, and getting bad marks from others paralyzes a person with low self-esteem.
  • Increased anxiety. In difficult situations, psychosomatic symptoms can be observed, such as: increased sweating, hand tremors, increased heart rate, facial flushing, etc.
  • The inability to respond with a refusal, even if it is contrary to their own beliefs and values. Behind this lies the desire to please, to get approval.
  • Inadequate response to criticism, increased vulnerability. 
  • Outward signs: stoop, stiffness of movements, "closed" postures, etc.

Next time we will discuss ways to correct self-esteem, but for now, please share, what signs did you notice for yourself?

You can sign up for an individual consultation and psychological correction by calling 8 (913) 560-20-33 (Viber, WA). The consultation takes place online or in person in Krasnoyarsk.

Together we will find the way to your better life!

Low self-esteem, by itself, is not a diagnosis, however, it can seriously overshadow a person's life. In my opinion, self-esteem is one of the most important parameters of a personality, since it is it that largely determines a person's success in various spheres of life and his satisfaction with his achievements.

During consultations, it is often found out that behind the failures of a person in work, in personal life and in other areas is precisely a negative assessment of oneself, self-doubt.