Foods are good for cardiovascular disease

Foods are good for cardiovascular disease

Foods are good for cardiovascular disease:

Cardiovascular diseases rank first in terms of mortality rates. If a person is diagnosed with heart disease, coronary artery disease, arrhythmia or extrasystole, he needs to reconsider the principles of nutrition. The diet should include foods that increase the tone of the heart muscle and the elasticity of blood vessels.

Nutritional therapy for diseases of the cardiovascular system: 

For people with diagnosed cardiovascular diseases, a dietary table No. 10 has been developed . This is a balanced diet, which has everything you need to keep your heart muscle in good shape. Cardiologists prescribe a diet for those who have impaired circulation, who suffer from rheumatism, atherosclerosis and heart defects. According to the principles of table number 10, hypertensive patients and those who have suffered a heart attack eat.

The diet helps to normalize blood circulation, stimulates the metabolic process. It also contributes to the proper functioning of the liver and kidneys.

The basic principles of nutritional therapy for adults and children are as follows:

  • The diet should be varied. If possible, it should include all the products approved by the doctor.
  • Follow the principles of fractional nutrition. For the normal functioning of the body, you need to eat five to six times a day in small portions.
  • Don't overeat. If you want to eat before going to bed or during the day before a full meal, you need to limit yourself to an apple or a glass of kefir.
  • Reduce salt intake. The norm is up to 5 g per day, for children from one to three years old - 2 g, from four to six years old - 3 g. It should be borne in mind that salt is also contained in ready-made store products.
  • Cut back on animal fat. Fatty food of animal origin (sausages, smoked meats, fatty poultry, pork, lard) contains cholesterol, which is deposited on the vessels in the form of plaques. They interfere with normal blood flow.
  • Normalize the drinking regime. Adults and adolescents should drink at least 1.5 liters of clean non-carbonated water a day, schoolchildren - 1 liter, and children aged three to five years - 0.5 liters.
  • Eat foods rich in potassium. For cardiovascular diseases, bananas, apricots, prunes, dried apricots, potatoes, cabbage, pumpkin, rose hips, kiwi are allowed.
  • Eat foods rich in magnesium salts. These are rye and whole grain bread, bran baked goods, oatmeal, millet, barley, buckwheat, beets, carrots, parsley, lettuce, walnuts, almonds, black currants.
  • Foods with Omega-3 fatty acids. These are valuable components that lower cholesterol, prevent blood clots, and lower blood pressure. They are found in seafood, fatty fish.

Healthy and harmful food for the heart and blood vessels: 

To maintain the tone of the heart muscle and blood vessels, you need to eat the right foods.

Bread, grain products: 

These products should be included in the menu every day. They contain natural fiber that normalizes metabolism and stimulates the digestive tract. People with diseases of the cardiovascular system are recommended to eat bread, brown rice, durum wheat pasta, buckwheat. You can eat whole grain, rye, or bran bread.

Vegetables:

It is a source of vitamins, dietary fiber and minerals. Vegetables can be stewed or eaten raw. Cardiologists recommend paying special attention to beets and carrots. In your daily diet, you should include a salad with raw vegetables, seasoned with a small amount of olive oil.

The more vegetables in the diet, the better. Cardiologists say that in people who adhere to this rule, the risk of heart attack is reduced by 6%.

Fruits and berries:

They provide the body with vitamins, minerals and carbohydrates, as well as antioxidants. Fresh berries can be added to cereals, smoothies and fresh juices are prepared from them. In the summer, you should eat about 200 g of such products.

Meat, fish and eggs:

People with diagnosed cardiovascular diseases need to consume as many foods as possible, rich in omega-3 fatty acids. Meat can be substituted for fish, but not canned or salted.

Eggs contain a lot of cholesterol, but you can eat one per day. This food contains vitamins B12 and D, antioxidants, folates and riboflavin, which can reduce the risk of heart disease.

Milk and fermented milk products:

It is better to give preference to products with a low fat content. It contains protein, vitamin D and calcium.

Edible fats, nuts and seeds:

For people with diseases of the cardiovascular system, cardiologists recommend using vegetable oils, avocados, nuts and seeds.

Limit sugar intake: 

It is better to exclude sugary carbonated drinks from the diet, reduce the use of purchased juices with sugar in the composition. You also need to reduce the amount of sweets in the diet. Maximum two candies per day. They should not contain substitutes for cocoa butter and trans fats.

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