Showing posts with label Diseases. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Diseases. Show all posts

Foods are good for cardiovascular disease

Foods are good for cardiovascular disease

Foods are good for cardiovascular disease:

Cardiovascular diseases rank first in terms of mortality rates. If a person is diagnosed with heart disease, coronary artery disease, arrhythmia or extrasystole, he needs to reconsider the principles of nutrition. The diet should include foods that increase the tone of the heart muscle and the elasticity of blood vessels.

Nutritional therapy for diseases of the cardiovascular system: 

For people with diagnosed cardiovascular diseases, a dietary table No. 10 has been developed . This is a balanced diet, which has everything you need to keep your heart muscle in good shape. Cardiologists prescribe a diet for those who have impaired circulation, who suffer from rheumatism, atherosclerosis and heart defects. According to the principles of table number 10, hypertensive patients and those who have suffered a heart attack eat.

The diet helps to normalize blood circulation, stimulates the metabolic process. It also contributes to the proper functioning of the liver and kidneys.

The basic principles of nutritional therapy for adults and children are as follows:

  • The diet should be varied. If possible, it should include all the products approved by the doctor.
  • Follow the principles of fractional nutrition. For the normal functioning of the body, you need to eat five to six times a day in small portions.
  • Don't overeat. If you want to eat before going to bed or during the day before a full meal, you need to limit yourself to an apple or a glass of kefir.
  • Reduce salt intake. The norm is up to 5 g per day, for children from one to three years old - 2 g, from four to six years old - 3 g. It should be borne in mind that salt is also contained in ready-made store products.
  • Cut back on animal fat. Fatty food of animal origin (sausages, smoked meats, fatty poultry, pork, lard) contains cholesterol, which is deposited on the vessels in the form of plaques. They interfere with normal blood flow.
  • Normalize the drinking regime. Adults and adolescents should drink at least 1.5 liters of clean non-carbonated water a day, schoolchildren - 1 liter, and children aged three to five years - 0.5 liters.
  • Eat foods rich in potassium. For cardiovascular diseases, bananas, apricots, prunes, dried apricots, potatoes, cabbage, pumpkin, rose hips, kiwi are allowed.
  • Eat foods rich in magnesium salts. These are rye and whole grain bread, bran baked goods, oatmeal, millet, barley, buckwheat, beets, carrots, parsley, lettuce, walnuts, almonds, black currants.
  • Foods with Omega-3 fatty acids. These are valuable components that lower cholesterol, prevent blood clots, and lower blood pressure. They are found in seafood, fatty fish.

Healthy and harmful food for the heart and blood vessels: 

To maintain the tone of the heart muscle and blood vessels, you need to eat the right foods.

Bread, grain products: 

These products should be included in the menu every day. They contain natural fiber that normalizes metabolism and stimulates the digestive tract. People with diseases of the cardiovascular system are recommended to eat bread, brown rice, durum wheat pasta, buckwheat. You can eat whole grain, rye, or bran bread.

Vegetables:

It is a source of vitamins, dietary fiber and minerals. Vegetables can be stewed or eaten raw. Cardiologists recommend paying special attention to beets and carrots. In your daily diet, you should include a salad with raw vegetables, seasoned with a small amount of olive oil.

The more vegetables in the diet, the better. Cardiologists say that in people who adhere to this rule, the risk of heart attack is reduced by 6%.

Fruits and berries:

They provide the body with vitamins, minerals and carbohydrates, as well as antioxidants. Fresh berries can be added to cereals, smoothies and fresh juices are prepared from them. In the summer, you should eat about 200 g of such products.

Meat, fish and eggs:

People with diagnosed cardiovascular diseases need to consume as many foods as possible, rich in omega-3 fatty acids. Meat can be substituted for fish, but not canned or salted.

Eggs contain a lot of cholesterol, but you can eat one per day. This food contains vitamins B12 and D, antioxidants, folates and riboflavin, which can reduce the risk of heart disease.

Milk and fermented milk products:

It is better to give preference to products with a low fat content. It contains protein, vitamin D and calcium.

Edible fats, nuts and seeds:

For people with diseases of the cardiovascular system, cardiologists recommend using vegetable oils, avocados, nuts and seeds.

Limit sugar intake: 

It is better to exclude sugary carbonated drinks from the diet, reduce the use of purchased juices with sugar in the composition. You also need to reduce the amount of sweets in the diet. Maximum two candies per day. They should not contain substitutes for cocoa butter and trans fats.

The signs of low self esteem and causes

 low self esteem

The signs of low self esteem and causes

Low self-esteem, by itself, is not a diagnosis, however, it can seriously overshadow a person's life. In my opinion, self-esteem is one of the most important parameters of a personality, since it is it that largely determines a person's success in various spheres of life and his satisfaction with his achievements.

Adequate positive self-esteem is a guarantee of self-esteem, self-confidence, desire to act and achieve goals. At the same time, defeats, even if they do happen, do not have a destructive effect, a person does not cease to respect himself, does not give up, but, on the contrary, seeks to correct the mistake.

During consultations, it is often found out that behind the failures of a person in work, in personal life and in other areas is precisely a negative assessment of oneself, self-doubt.

Here are the main low self esteem signs:

  • The habit of comparing yourself to others (not for the better for yourself).
  • Feelings of self-pity. Frequent mental replay of unfortunate life moments and feeling powerless.
  • The attitude of other people towards you. A person who does not respect himself is unlikely to command respect from others. Moreover, such a person may unconsciously choose people who will deliberately treat him badly, thereby confirming a negative attitude.
  • Problematic interpersonal relationships. A person may believe that there is simply nothing to love him for, doubts his significance, at the same time, passionately desire to be loved. Fear of making new acquaintances and relationships, fear of opening up, showing oneself, trying on fake masks.
  • Concern about the opinion of others. It often happens that the external ostentatious side, the "image" of a person comes to the fore in order to hide the real personality. Fear of dishonor, shyness.
  • Postponing difficult cases on the back burner. The fear of not coping, making a mistake, and getting bad marks from others paralyzes a person with low self-esteem.
  • Increased anxiety. In difficult situations, psychosomatic symptoms can be observed, such as: increased sweating, hand tremors, increased heart rate, facial flushing, etc.
  • The inability to respond with a refusal, even if it is contrary to their own beliefs and values. Behind this lies the desire to please, to get approval.
  • Inadequate response to criticism, increased vulnerability. 
  • Outward signs: stoop, stiffness of movements, "closed" postures, etc.

Next time we will discuss ways to correct self-esteem, but for now, please share, what signs did you notice for yourself?

You can sign up for an individual consultation and psychological correction by calling 8 (913) 560-20-33 (Viber, WA). The consultation takes place online or in person in Krasnoyarsk.

Together we will find the way to your better life!

Low self-esteem, by itself, is not a diagnosis, however, it can seriously overshadow a person's life. In my opinion, self-esteem is one of the most important parameters of a personality, since it is it that largely determines a person's success in various spheres of life and his satisfaction with his achievements.

During consultations, it is often found out that behind the failures of a person in work, in personal life and in other areas is precisely a negative assessment of oneself, self-doubt.

What age will I stop growing in height and taller :

What age will I stop growing in height and taller : 

stop growing

How old do boys stop growing?

Each person grows at a different pace, and puberty for all begins and ends at different times. Puberty can last anywhere from 2 to 5 years, so it's not always easy to predict when it will end.

A boy's body undergoes many changes during puberty. These changes can be confusing or confusing, but the process happens to everyone and knowing what to expect can help.

When do boys usually reach maturity?

Puberty is the process of growth and changes that take place in the body as boys become adults.

Puberty is different for everyone and can start at any age from 8 to 14 years old. The average age at first signs of puberty in boys is about 12 years, about 1 year after girls start puberty.

The highest growth rates are observed, as a rule, 1-2 years after the onset of puberty.

Physical development into an adult takes 2 to 5 years. Most boys will stop growing taller by age 16 and will usually be fully grown by age 18.

The onset of puberty and ethnicity : 

There is more research on the age at which puberty begins in girls than in boys. However, a study by the American Academy of Pediatrics found that African American boys are more likely to start puberty earlier than boys of Hispanic or Caucasian descent.

What are the genetic factors?

Genes play a role, and a parent's height is a good indicator of how tall a child will be.

  • The way to judge how tall a boy will get is.
  • add the height of the mother and father together in inches.
  • divide this number by 2.
  • add 2.5 inches.

This calculation is approximate and usually does not accurately predict the height. However, height tends to follow a curve, so if a person regularly shows a boy's height on a graph throughout childhood, it may be possible to track where that line might end.

Chronic illnesses such as severe arthritis and genetic conditions such as Down syndrome can cause a person to become shorter in adulthood than might be expected.

Average height of boys :

The average height fluctuates around the world. In the United States, the average adult male is 5 feet 9 inches, or 70.8 inches.

This average is determined by adding the height measurements of a group of people together and then dividing by the number of people surveyed.

This does not mean that people above or below this height are unusually tall or small. different.

Questions and answers: 

Puberty can be a very confusing time for young people, and below is a list of questions people can ask.

At what age do genitals stop growing?

For boys, one of the first signs of puberty is testicular growth and development of pubic hair. The genitals grow throughout puberty.

Since puberty ends at different ages for different people, there is no specific age at which the genitals fully develop. When puberty is over, the genitals are usually fully developed. Puberty usually takes about 4 years.

Key stages of genital development in boys:

  • The genitals continue to grow for another 1 to 2 years.
  • About 4 years after the onset of puberty, genital growth should be complete.

When does body hair stop growing?

Hair usually grows first in the tube, and after a year, the axillary hairline. Facial hair and other body hair will develop after about 2 years of puberty. The development of body hair usually stops at the end of puberty.

What can slow down the growth rate?

Growth can be influenced by factors such as nutrition and the environment. Around the world, children on diets that are malnourished or malnourished may not grow as tall or strong as those on a rich and balanced diet.

Diseases, genetic conditions, and the use of certain medications, such as corticosteroids, can slow or restrict growth.

An imbalance in hormones in the body can slow or accelerate growth. Parents or guardians can seek advice from their doctor if the boy:

  • growing much faster or slower than expected.
  • much shorter or taller than other children of their age.
  • grows very high, despite the fact that they have shorter parents.
  • has not reached puberty by age 14.

An x-ray of the hand and wrist will help determine how much more your baby will grow.

Tips for the best possible growth:

All people have maximum growth potential. Some things can be done to help a person reach their full height, but they cannot grow beyond that by taking supplements or eating certain foods.

Proper nutrition and adequate sleep and exercise are essential. There are many ways to stay active, from being on a sports team to helping with the housework.

Sleeping well means going to bed at about the same time every night and not going to bed too late.

During puberty, boys may be shorter or taller than other boys of their age. This can be difficult to deal with. Understanding the changes taking place in their bodies and being able to find information about puberty can help.

Boys need to make sure it takes time to grow and that they are all different. Developing good self-esteem through positive family relationships, friendships, hobbies and interests can all help boys cope with puberty.

Why do I Sweat So Much And So Easily? Sweating Causes

Why do I Sweat So Much And So Easily? Sweating Causes

Sweating Causes

It is only in childhood that everyone loves the heat, running in sneakers and playing "Cossack robbers". But as we grow up, we will find many disadvantages of intense sweating, and one of them is an unpleasant smell that repels others, creating a dirty reputation for its owner. This is a common problem, as 3% of the world's population suffers from hyperhidrosis. How to get rid of bad smell? Here are 10 helpful tips for those who sweat.


Council number 1. Water is your best friend and nutritional features

How does your morning begin? With coffee or tea? If you sweat too much, these drinks should be avoided. The body needs clean drinking water, and these drinks can increase the manifestations of hyperhidrosis. But this does not mean that you need to give up coffee or tea, not at all, but only to reduce their consumption in the summer heat, and instead of black tea, choose green. It's not a good idea to restrict water. Less water, less sweat doesn't work. But dehydration can be dangerous - it is stress, and if it has formed, then sweating begins compensatory, because it is also a protective reaction of the body. Spicy and spicy food is, of course, tasty, but fraught with strong perspiration. It is known that there are more than 2.6 million sweat glands on the human body, which produce more than 1200 liters of sweat per year. In this way,

Council number 2. Wardrobe

In winter and summer, you can feel the difference between natural and artificial fabrics. In the former, the skin literally breathes, cools, and the secreted sweat evaporates quickly. But artificial fabrics disrupt air exchange, creating a sauna effect. As a result, a person wearing such clothes can even get heatstroke, not to mention constant discomfort and a distinct smell of sweat. Therefore, you need to choose natural fabrics, such as cotton, linen, wool. By the way, this rule will apply not only to outerwear, but also to underwear, including socks for men. After all, it is known that men excrete 40% more sweat than women, and their sweat is saltier and more acrid. In addition to the fabric, you need to pay attention to the cut of the clothes. The looser the silhouette, the better, because this is how the air circulates and cools the body. Moreover,

Council number 3. The shift is not only for schoolchildren

Replaceable shoes are not only the prerogative of schoolchildren, which helps to avoid unpleasant situations, namely the smell of feet. Office workers, if the dress code permits, experts advise to take other shoes with them, open, in which the feet will not sweat. This healthy habit will help keep your feet dry and avoid not only unpleasant odors, but other consequences as well. If this is not possible, then special deodorant wipes, which can be bought in pharmacies, orthopedic salons and even shoe stores, will help you quickly cope with the unpleasant odor and freshen up. By the way, they can be used not only for the legs, but also for the armpit area, the whole body, since they have a deodorizing property, they perfectly refresh.

Council number 4. Adequate sleep and hot flashes

Each person needs about 7-8 hours of sleep daily. Sleepy person is cheerful, cheerful and energetic. But if there is little sleep and there is a chronic lack of sleep, then the opposite is true. Many are thrown into sweat, daytime sleepiness sets in, efficiency decreases, and even a headache becomes a habitual companion in life. Chronic sleep deprivation, insomnia and sleep deprivation have not yet benefited anyone, no matter what historians say about Napoleon and other historical figures. For women, sleep deficit is even more dangerous, it is not only the cause of premature aging, but also an increase in the severity of hot flashes, increased sweating. So our advice is to get enough sleep! Don't save time by sleeping.

Council number 5. Liners for shoes and armpits

Armpit liners are perhaps one of the genius inventions of mankind, which daily saves many people around the world from feelings of awkwardness. It will not help to fight excessive sweating, but to hide its symptoms and protect clothes from unaesthetic yellow stains is quite. These small and thin liners are attached to clothing or to the skin of the armpits and absorb excess fluid and odor. Clothes remain dry and the liners themselves are invisible. Shoe insoles play the same role. The main thing is not to forget to take them out of boots and shoes, dry them and change them periodically. Sweat itself is a colorless liquid consisting of water and salts and is practically odorless. The "scent" we breathe in is the result of the bacteria that live on the skin. An additional contributing factor to unpleasant foot odor is the quality of the shoes and the materials they are made of. Regardless of these factors, special shoe insoles will help remove odor and absorb liquid. And the antibacterial layer will prevent the formation of odors in the shoes.

Council number 6. Antiperspirants from dermatologists

Deodorants, which are available in a wide range in stores, only mask the smell of sweat and do not prevent increased sweating. But antiperspirants are different, they contain chemicals that constrict the pores of the sebaceous ducts, and this makes sweating to a minimum. Usually the products themselves have a pleasant scent. The main thing is to choose a product that really suits, and use it strictly according to the manufacturer's recommendations. There is also a special class of antiperspirants - drugs that are sold in pharmacies and are designed specifically for people with hyperhidrosis. They are sold exclusively with a doctor's prescription, and when using them, it is extremely important to follow all recommendations for admission.

Council number 7. Contrast shower and rules for the use of cosmetics

A shower is a way to help you freshen up and feel better. But the real feeling of freshness is given only by a contrast shower, and this is a good workout for the sweat glands. You need to take such a shower twice a day, and after such a procedure you need to let the skin dry on its own and only after that you can dress. You can apply deodorants and even more antiperspirants only on clean skin. And if during the day it became necessary to renew the layer of the product, then this should be done only after the complete removal of the old layer. Only applying the product to clean and dry skin is a guarantee that the product will work and will not cause irritation on the skin.

Council number 8. Epilation and depilation

Removing excess hair is a procedure not only for women, but also for men, it can be done in different ways:

  • hair removal with wax or laser;
  • depilation, for example, with creams;
  • shugaring - removal of excess hair with sugar paste;
  • shaving.

These procedures will not only get rid of unwanted vegetation, but also save you from excessive sweating and odors in the treated areas. On the skin with dense vegetation, bacteria multiply more actively, therefore, an unpleasant odor appears, and the skin dries longer.

Council number 9. Botox

Beauty shots or botulinum toxin injection is not only a cosmetic procedure to smooth out wrinkles, it is also a great advice against perspiration. Botulinum toxin works against sweating in the armpits and feet by blocking the activity of the sweat glands. Injections can only be performed by a professional. So you can be sure that there will be no excessive sweating and odor for 4-5 months.

Council number 10. Treatment by a doctor

Increased sweating is not only a physiological reaction to heat, but also possible diseases: thyroid dysfunction, hormonal imbalance, neuritis, obesity. And this is just a small part of the possible problems in which there is increased sweating. It is important to understand that hyperhidrosis is diagnosed and treated. It is a disease, not an individual property of your body. A doctor's consultation, tests and appropriate treatment will allow you to solve the problem forever and become more self-confident.

What are the warning signs of Alzheimer's disease


Alzheimer's disease

What are the warning signs of Alzheimer's disease?

Alzheimer's disease is a progressive form of neurodegenerative disorder that leads to disruption of neural connections and the death of brain cells. These changes cause dementia and disability. The disease is most often found in elderly people, but cases have been recorded among young people.

Signs of Alzheimer's disease: absent-mindedness, constant memory lapses (the patient forgets where he put his things, what he bought, where he lives), repeating the same stories, impaired concentration, irritability, drowsiness or insomnia, problems with speaking and writing.

Symptoms and signs of Alzheimer's disease:

Alzheimer's symptoms progress slowly. The first symptomatic manifestations of dementia appear long before the diagnosis is confirmed. There are four stages of the disease.

  1. Predementia. It is difficult to detect as it can be mistaken for stress. A person experiences a feeling of fatigue, memory decreases (the patient cannot remember a list of several names, poorly assimilates information), interest in life disappears, isolation and apathy appear.
  2. Early dementia. Symptoms are complicated by speech defects: the names of household items are forgotten, the speed of speech decreases, the vocabulary is reduced, a confusion of similar words occurs, handwriting deteriorates. It is at this time that the patient goes to the clinic.
  3. Moderate dementia. It is characterized by difficulties in building logical connections. A person does not dress for the weather, is lost in space, does not remember how to get home, does not know his address, forgets his family and himself. Tearfulness, aggression appear, long-term memory is disturbed.
  4. Severe dementia. A person completely degrades, he is not able to control physiological processes in the body, he is not able to take food on his own.

With such a diagnosis, with proper care, a person can live to a ripe old age. In Russia and in foreign countries, there are special clinics and boarding houses for such patients, where patients are helped to adapt, to remember basic self-care skills.

Early signs of Alzheimer's

The early symptoms of Alzheimer's disease are not always noticeable and are often overlooked. These include:

  • speech changes - phrases do not communicate well with each other, the language becomes poor, and the conversation is empty;
  • prolonged sleep - significantly aggravates memory problems, it is very important in such a disease that a night's sleep lasts no more than 6-7 hours;
  • behavioral changes - a person's character, habits change, difficulties arise in making decisions and planning the day;
  • insensitivity to pain - the patient describes severe pain as mild discomfort;

Signs of Alzheimer's Disease in Old Age.

Elderly people often hide the presence of health problems, so you should pay attention to:

  • short-term memory: how often older people forget information, lose things or do not remember where they are;
  • insomnia at night and sleepiness during the day;
  • unsteady gait;
  • loss of interest in familiar and favorite activities: fishing, knitting, embroidery;
  • problems with spoken and written speech: meaningful words are replaced by pronouns, the brain loses its ability to think clearly - extensive reflections are noted;
  • changes in character: excessive suspicion, nervousness, obsessive teachings;
  • a hypertrophied sense of gullibility and naivety push Alzheimer's patients to rash acts (they can give money to scammers);
  • sloppy appearance.

At the first stages of the development of the disease, older people do not require constant monitoring and attention. When symptoms progress and the signs of dementia worsen, patients need special care.

Symptoms of Alzheimer's Disease in Young People

The propensity to develop the disease can be determined after passing a molecular genetic analysis. Scientifically proven the existence of five main regions in the human genome, provoking problems with metabolism and bringing death to neurons. They are located on chromosomes 1, 12, 14, 19 and 21. Mutational changes at these sites contribute to the accumulation of negative amyloid and tau protein.

In a child with genetic abnormalities of this kind, the part of the brain responsible for memory is 6% less than in a healthy baby. Over time, this part decreases to a critical point.

The presence of Down syndrome in a child significantly increases the risk of developing Alzheimer's, the symptoms are not immediately detected due to the specifics of the primary disease. Such children initially lag behind in development, they have poor memory, attention, low adaptation.

In children with Down syndrome, the aging of the body occurs faster, respectively, changes in the brain area act as an urging factor. Almost all of these children are diagnosed with Alzheimer's by the age of 40.

Signs of Alzheimer's in Women

According to statistics, the female part of the population is more susceptible to senile dementia than men, most of whom simply do not live to be 70-80 years old. In postmenopausal women, the production of estrogen decreases, which helps regulate metabolism in the brain. Therefore, their body is more prone to the accumulation of negative substances that bring death to neurons.

Signs of Alzheimer's in Men

The early signs of Alzheimer's in the sexes are different:

women experience problems with memory, attention, reaction, logical connections between objects;

men initially experience speech abnormalities and difficulties in movement and motor skills.

This data was provided by the research team at the International Conference in Toronto. More than 1000 people were examined, the posthumous examination of which indicated some discrepancies in symptoms.

Alzheimer's Treatment

The available methods of therapy cannot cure Alzheimer's; they can only improve the patient's quality of life and reduce symptomatic manifestations.

The most commonly prescribed drugs are memantine and anticholinesterase agents. With their help, you can support the protection of neurons from death. There are several side effects: severe headache attacks, dizziness, hallucinations.

Cholinesterase inhibitors have not shown themselves in any way, except that against the background of their intake, weight loss, gastritis and muscle spasms occur. They do not slow down the course of the disease and do not improve health.

If the patient's behavior is aggressive and antisocial, then antipsychotics are prescribed, but they should only be taken in extreme cases. According to medical research, taking them can lead to movement disorders, 

decreased cognitive function, and they also significantly increase mortality.

The psychosocial methods of treatment include art treatment, which is aimed at complete relaxation. Such therapy helps the patient calm down, reduces aggression, improves concentration and mood.